41101 – Lawyers and Quebec notaries



41101 – Lawyers and Quebec notaries
Lawyers and Quebec notaries advise clients on legal matters, represent clients before administration boards and draw up legal documents such as contracts and wills. Lawyers also plead cases, represent clients before tribunals and conduct prosecutions in courts of law. Lawyers are employed in law firms and prosecutor's offices. Quebec notaries are employed in notary offices. Both lawyers and Quebec notaries are employed by federal, provincial and municipal governments and various business establishments or they may be self-employed. Articling students are included in this unit group.


Index of titles
Administrative lawyer
Advisory counsel
Articling law student
Assistant corporate counsel
Assistant Crown attorney
Assistant general solicitor
Assistant legal advisor
Assistant regional counsel
Associate counsel
Associate lawyer
Associate legal advisor
Associate legal counsel
Attorney's assistant chief agent
Barrister and solicitor
City attorney
City solicitor
Civil lawyer
Claim attorney
Commercial law notary
Commercial lawyer
Contract counsel
Corporate counsel
Corporate notary (Quebec)
Corporation lawyer
County attorney
Criminal lawyer
Crown attorney
Crown corporation counsel
Crown counsel
Crown prosecutor
Defence counsel
Departmental solicitor
Deputy city solicitor
Family and estates lawyer
General counsel
General solicitor
Immigration lawyer
Industrial lawyer
In-house legal counsel
Insurance lawyer
Intellectual-property lawyer
Judicial assistant - Supreme Court
Labour lawyer
Law and corporate affairs adviser
Law partner
Legal advisor
Legal advocate
Legal aid lawyer
Legal attaché
Legal counsel
Legal officer
Legal officer - Canadian armed forces
Legislative adviser
Legislative counsel
Municipal solicitor
Notary (Quebec)
Patent counsel
Patent lawyer
Patent solicitor
Prosecuting attorney
Quebec notary
Queen's Counsel
Real estate lawyer
Regional attorney
Regional Crown prosecutor
Review lawyer
Special prosecutor
Staff counsel
Staff lawyer
Staff solicitor
Tariff counsel
Tax attorney
Tax lawyer
Title lawyer
Trademark lawyer


Main duties
This group performs some or all of the following duties:
Advise clients of their legal rights and all matters related to law
Research legal precedents and gather evidence
Plead clients' cases before courts of law, tribunals and boards (lawyers only)
Draw up legal documents such as real estate transactions, wills, divorces and contracts, and prepare statements of legal opinions
Negotiate settlements of civil disputes (lawyers only)
Perform administrative and management functions related to the practice of law
May act as mediator, conciliator or arbitrator
May act as executor, trustee or guardian in estate and family law matters.


Employment requirements
Two to three years of undergraduate studies or, in Quebec, completion of a college program, a bachelor's degree from a recognized law school, successful completion of the bar examination and completion of a period of articling are required.
Licensing by the provincial or territorial law society is required.
Be an active member of a law society in the province or territory of legal practice.
Notaries (Quebec)
A bachelor's degree in civil law from a recognized law school and a master's degree in notarial law, which includes a 16-week internship, from a recognized law school are required.
A 15-day training program at the Chambre des notaires du Québec is required.
Licensing by the Chambre des notaires du Québec is required.


Additional information
Lawyers and Quebec notaries may specialize in specific areas of the law such as criminal law (lawyers only), corporate law, contract law, taxation law, administrative law, international law, commercial law, real estate law, family and estate law, intellectual property law and labour law.
Lawyers wishing to practise in another province or territory are required to pass examinations set by the provincial or territorial law society, except in New Brunswick and Saskatchewan where the National Mobility Agreement (2013) was implemented.


Legal department director (in 10019 Other administrative services managers)
Legal firm manager (in 10029 Other business services managers)
Notary public; trademark agent (in 42200 Paralegals and related occupations)
Patent agent (in 41400 Natural and applied science policy researchers, consultants and program officers)