31101 – Specialists in surgery



31101 – Specialists in surgery
Specialists in surgery perform and supervise surgical procedures. Specialists in surgery usually work in hospitals. Residents in training to become specialists in surgery are included in this unit group.


Index of titles
Cardiac surgeon
Cardiothoracic surgeon
Cardiovascular and thoracic surgeon
Cardiovascular and thoracic surgery specialist
Cardiovascular surgeon
Cosmetic surgeon
Ear specialist
Esthetic surgeon
Eye specialist
General surgeon
General surgeon - Canadian armed forces
Neurological surgeon
Nose specialist
Orthopedic surgeon
Orthopedics specialist
Otorhinolaryngology specialist
Pediatric surgeon
Plastic surgeon
Plastic surgery specialist
Specialist in plastic surgery
Specialist in vascular surgery
Surgical physician
Surgical resident
Thoracic surgeon
Throat specialist
Vascular surgeon


Main duties
This group performs some or all of the following duties:

General surgeons
Treat diseases, injuries, and deformities by invasive, minimally-invasive, or non-invasive surgical methods, such as using instruments, appliances, or by manual manipulation.

Obstetricians and gynecologists
Provide medical care related to pregnancy or childbirth. Diagnose, treat, and help prevent diseases of women, particularly those affecting the reproductive system. May also provide general medical care to women. May perform both medical and gynecological surgery functions.

Diagnose, treat, and help prevent diseases and injuries of the eyes and related structures.

Diagnose, treat, and help prevent benign and malignant medical and surgical disorders of the genitourinary system and the renal glands.

Other specialists in surgery
Assess patients' diseases or disorders to determine appropriate surgical procedures
Perform and supervise surgical procedures to correct physical abnormalities and deficiencies and repair injuries
Act as consultants to other physicians.


Employment requirements
A bachelor's degree or in Quebec, completion of a college program and one year of pre-medicine university studies is usually required.
Graduation from an approved medical school and specific specialty training are required.
Completion of the certifying examinations of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada and licensing by the provincial or territorial licensing authority are required.
Five to six years of specialty residency training are required.
Two years of subspecialty training may also be required.


Additional information
Progression to management positions, such as chief of surgery, is possible with experience.


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Managers in health care (30010)
Other professional occupations in health diagnosing and treating (31209)
Physician assistants, midwives and allied health professionals (31303)
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