31200 – Psychologists



31200 – Psychologists
Psychologists assess and diagnose behavioural, emotional and cognitive disorders, counsel clients, provide therapy, conduct research and apply theory relating to behaviour and mental processes. Psychologists help clients work toward the maintenance and enhancement of psychological, physical, intellectual, emotional, social and interpersonal functioning. They work in private practice or in clinics, correctional facilities, hospitals, mental health facilities, rehabilitation centres, community service organizations, businesses, schools and universities, and in government and private research agencies.


Index of titles
Chartered psychologist
Child psychologist
Clinical psychologist
Educational psychologist
Provisional psychologist
Psychological associate
Registered psychologist
Research psychologist
School psychologist


Main duties
This group performs some or all of the following duties:
Examine and assess behaviour, diagnose behavioural, emotional and cognitive disorders, counsel clients and provide therapy
Help clients manage physical illness and disorders
Counsel individuals and groups to achieve more effective personal, social and vocational development and adjustment, and offer mediation services
Use standard psychological tests for assessment
Plan intervention programs and conduct program evaluation
Apply psychological theory and principles regarding behaviour and mental processes such as learning, language development, memory and perception to develop treatment programs
Formulate hypotheses and experimental designs, review literature, conduct studies and publish research papers, educational texts and articles
Deliver presentations at conferences, workshops or symposia
Provide consultation services to government and other organizations
Conduct applied psychology and/or experimental research.


Employment requirements
A doctoral degree in psychology is required in order to use the designation "Psychologist" in Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba and British Columbia.
A master's degree in psychology is required for the designation "Psychologist" in Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Saskatchewan, Alberta, the Northwest Territories and Nunavut.
A master's degree in psychology is required in order to use the designation "Psychological Associate" in Prince Edward Island, Ontario, Manitoba and British Columbia.
A period of supervised practical experience is required in most jurisdictions.
Successful completion of the written Examination for Professional Practice in Psychology (EPPP) is required in most provinces.
Oral examinations and board interviews are required in some provinces.
Registration with a regulatory body is required in all provinces, the Northwest Territories and Nunavut.
Written ethics and jurisprudence exams may be required in some jurisdictions.
Psychologists can become specialized in a particular area through training and experience.


Additional information
Psychological associates may be granted permission by provincial regulatory authorities to perform duties normally restricted to psychologists, specifically diagnosing psychological disorders and communicating diagnoses to clients.
Sub-specialties include behavioural psychology, child psychology, cognitive psychology, developmental psychology, educational psychology, industrial psychology, neuropsychology, social psychology or sports psychology.


Psychiatrist (in 31100 Specialists in clinical and laboratory medicine)
Psychology assistant (except university) (in 41403 Social policy researchers, consultants and program officers)
Psychology professor - university (in 41200 University professors and lecturers)
Psychology research assistant (except university) (in 12113 Statistical officers and related research support occupations)
Psychometrist (in 41409 Other professional occupations in social science)
Therapists in counselling and related specialized therapies (41301)