21322 – Metallurgical and materials engineers



21322 – Metallurgical and materials engineers
Metallurgical and materials engineers conduct studies of the properties and characteristics of metals and other non-metallic materials and plan, design and develop machinery and processes to concentrate, extract, refine and process metals, alloys and other materials such as ceramics, semiconductors and composite materials. They are employed in consulting engineering firms, mining, metal processing and manufacturing companies, and in government, research and educational institutions.



Index of titles
Ceramics engineer
Coal preparation consulting engineer
Corrosion engineer
Electrometallurgical engineer
Extractive engineer
Extractive metallurgy engineer
Foundry engineer
Hydrometallurgical engineer
Materials engineer
Metallurgical engineer
Physical metallurgical engineer
Pyrometallurgical engineer
Refining and metalworking engineer
Smelting plant engineer
Welding engineer


Main duties
This group performs some or all of the following duties:
Conduct studies and design, develop and specify the processes, and machinery to concentrate, extract, refine and process metals from ores
Conduct studies on the properties and characteristics of materials and design, develop and specify processes for moulding, shaping, forming and thermal treatment of metals, alloys and metallic systems, ceramics, semiconducting and other materials
Conduct chemical and physical analytical studies, failure analyses and other studies and recommend material selection, design of materials, corrosion control measures, operational testing and other procedures
Coordinate production testing and control of metal refining, smelting or foundry operations or non-metallic materials production operations
Supervise technologists, technicians and other engineers and scientists.


Employment requirements
A bachelor's degree in metallurgical, materials, ceramic or chemical engineering or in a related engineering discipline is required.
A master's degree or doctorate in a related engineering discipline may be required.
Licensing by a provincial or territorial association of professional engineers is required to approve engineering drawings and reports and to practise as a Professional Engineer (P.Eng.).
Engineers are eligible for registration following graduation from an accredited educational program, and after three or four years of supervised work experience in engineering and passing a professional practice examination.


Additional information
Engineers often work in a multidisciplinary environment and acquire knowledge and skills through work experience that may allow them to practise in associated areas of science, engineering, sales, marketing or management.
Metallurgical and materials engineers work closely with other engineers and scientists and mobility is possible between some fields of specialization.
Metallurgical engineers research and develop new alloys and systems for extracting metal from ores; materials engineers research and develop new non-metallic materials with physical characteristics to meet specific requirements.
Supervisory and senior positions in this unit group require experience.
There is considerable mobility between engineering specializations at the less senior levels.


Chemical engineers (21320)
Chemists (21101)
Engineering managers (20010)
Mining engineers (21330)
Physical metallurgist; materials scientist (in 21109 Other professional occupations in physical sciences)