31110 – Dentists



31110 – Dentists
Dentists diagnose, treat, prevent and control disorders of the teeth and mouth. They work in private practice or may be employed in hospitals, clinics, public health facilities or universities.


Index of titles
Dental surgeon
Doctor of dental surgery
General practice dentist
Implantologist - dentistry
Oral and dental surgeon
Oral and maxillofacial surgeon
Oral medicine specialist
Oral pathologist
Oral pathology and maxillofacial surgery specialist
Oral radiologist
Oral surgeon
Pediatric dentist
Public health dentist


Main duties
This group performs some or all of the following duties:

Examine patients' teeth, gums and surrounding tissue to diagnose disease, injury and decay and plan appropriate preventive or corrective treatment
Provide general dental care such as cleaning teeth, filling cavities, performing root canals, applying veneers, and fitting crowns, bridges and dentures
Restore, extract and replace diseased and decayed teeth
Instruct patients on oral hygiene and preventive dental care
Monitor patient progress to identify changes or the progression of dental disease
Prescribe antibiotics or other medication as required
Bleach, clean, or polish teeth to restore natural color
Refer patients to dental specialists as needed for recommended procedures
Supervise dental hygienists, dental assistants and other staff
May provide basic orthodontic treatments with additional training.


Oral and maxillofacial surgeons
Collaborate with other professionals, such as restorative dentists and orthodontists, to plan treatment
Administer general and local anesthetics
Perform surgery to prepare the mouth for dental implants orto aid in the regeneration of deficient bone and gum tissues
Remove impacted, damaged, and non-restorable teeth, as well as tumors and other abnormal growths of the oral and facial regions
Perform surgery on the mouth and jaws to treat conditions, such as cleft lip, palate, and jaw growth problems
Provide emergency treatment of facial injuries including facial lacerations, intra-oral lacerations, and fractured facial bones
Treat infections of the oral cavity, salivary glands, jaws, and neck.


Examine patients' teeth, gums and surrounding tissue to assess abnormalities of jaw development, tooth position, and other dental-facial structures
Diagnose teeth and jaw or other dental-facial abnormalities
Propose treatment plan for conditions such as underbites, overbites, crowding and others
Design and fabricate appliances, such as space maintainers, retainers, and labial and lingual arch wires
Fit dental appliances in patients' mouths to alter the position and relationship of teeth and jaws or to realign teeth
Coordinate orthodontic services with other dental and medical professionals
Educate patients about improving and maintaining orthodontic care, and promoting routine dental health care.


Examine patient’s teeth, gums and jaws to diagnose disease, injury and decay, and plan appropriate treatment to enhance patients’ dental and facial aesthetics, or correct orofacial problems
Replace missing teeth and associated oral structures with permanent fixtures, such as implant-supported prostheses, crowns and bridges, or removable fixtures, such as dentures
Restore function and improve aesthetics for traumatic injury victims, or individuals with diseases or birth defects
Design and fabricate dental prostheses, or supervise dental technicians who construct the devices
Fit prostheses to patients, making any necessary adjustments and modifications
Restore damaged teeth with materials such as fillings, veneers and crowns
Collaborate with general dentists, dental specialists, and other health professionals to develop solutions to dental and oral health concerns.


Employment requirements
Two to four years of pre-dentistry university studies or, in Quebec, completion of a college program in sciences and a university degree from a recognized dental program are required.
Licensing by a provincial or territorial regulatory body is required.
Dentists in general practice can move into a specialized practice through advanced training.
Oral and maxillofacial surgeons
Four to seven years of specialty residency training in oral and maxillofacial surgery are required.
Three years advanced orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics program accredited by the Canadian Dental Association is required.
Three years advanced prosthodontics program accredited by the Canadian Dental Association is required.


Additional information
Certification by the National Dental Examining Board of Canada entitles dentists or graduates of approved dental programs to practise dentistry in any province in Canada provided requirements set out by the provincial and territorial licensing authorities are met.
Dentists, with further education, training and licensing, can specialize and practice in such areas as oral and maxillofacial surgery, orthodontics, pediatric dentistry, periodontics, endodontics, prosthodontics, oral pathology, oral radiology or public health dentistry.


Dental assistants and dental laboratory assistants (33100)
Dental hygienists and dental therapists (32111)
Dental technologists and technicians (32112)
Denturists (32110)