21101 – Chemists



21101 – Chemists
Chemists conduct research and analysis in support of industrial operations, product and process development, quality control, environmental control, medical diagnosis and treatment, biotechnology, nanotechnology and other applications. They also conduct theoretical, experimental and applied research into basic chemical and biochemical processes to create or synthesize new products and processes. They are employed in research, development and quality control laboratories; chemical, petrochemical and pharmaceutical industries; mineral, metal and pulp and paper industries; and a wide variety of manufacturing, utility, health, educational and government establishments.


Index of titles
Agricultural chemist
Analytical biochemist
Analytical chemist
Atmospheric chemist
Bioanalytical chemist
Biochemistry research scientist
Biological chemist
Chemical spectroscopist
Chemist - biomolecular assembly
Chemistry research scientist
Chemistry researcher
Clinical chemist
Coatings chemist
Control chemist
Dairy chemist
Detergent chemist
Dye chemist
Environmental chemist
Enzyme chemist
Food chemist
Forensic chemist
Glass chemist
Industrial chemist
Inorganic chemist
Laboratory chemist
Leather chemist
Medical biochemist
Medical chemist
Medicinal chemist
Nuclear chemist
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopist
Nutritional chemist
Oceanographic chemist
Optical spectroscopist
Organic chemist
Organic mass spectrometrist
Organometallic chemist
Petroleum chemist
Pharmaceutical chemist
Pharmacological chemist
Physical chemist
Physical research chemist
Physiological chemist
Plastics and resins chemist
Polymer chemist
Process control chemist
Protective coatings chemist
Protein chemist
Quality control chemist
Research chemist
Soil chemist
Standards chemist
Textile chemist
Theoretical chemist
Water chemist
Water purification chemist
Wood chemist


Main duties
This group performs some or all of the following duties:
Analyze, synthesize, purify, modify and characterize chemical or biochemical compounds
Develop and conduct programs of analysis to ensure quality control of raw materials, chemical intermediates or final products
Conduct programs of sample and data collection and analysis to identify and quantify environmental toxicants
Conduct research to develop new chemical formulations and processes and devise new technical applications of industrial chemicals and compounds
Conduct research to discover, develop, refine and evaluate new products such as those used in nanomedicine, nanoelectronics and other applications of chemistry
Conduct fundamental and applied research into the synthesis and properties of chemical compounds and the mechanisms of chemical reactions
Investigate chemical aspects of the mechanisms of drug action, the diagnosis and treatment of disease, organ function and the assessment of health
Participate in interdisciplinary research and development projects working with chemical engineers, biologists, microbiologists, agronomists, geologists or other professionals
Act as technical consultant in a particular field of expertise
May participate in the commercialization of new products
May supervise other chemists and chemical technicians and technologists.


Employment requirements
A bachelor's degree in chemistry, biochemistry or a related discipline is required.
A master's or doctoral degree is usually required for employment as a research chemist.
Licensing by a provincial association of chemists is required in Quebec and available but voluntary, in Nova Scotia, Ontario, Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbia.


Additional information
Mobility between occupations in this group is possible with experience.
Mobility is possible with experience, to occupations concerned with plant management, technical sales and the development and management of regulatory programs and teaching professions.


Geochemist (in 21102 Geoscientists and oceanographers)
Metallurgist; materials scientist (in 21109 Other professional occupations in physical sciences)
Molecular biologist (in 21110 Biologists and related scientists)
Architecture and science managers (20011)
Chemical engineers (21320)