41100 – Judges



41100 – Judges
Judges adjudicate civil and criminal cases and administer justice in courts of law. Judges preside over federal and provincial courts.



Index of titles
Administrative judge
Appellate court judge
Associate chief justice
Chief justice
County court judge
County judge
Court of Queen's Bench justice
Deputy justice
District and surrogate court judge
District court judge
Family court judge
Federal court justice
Federal court justice - trial division
Federal Court of Appeal justice
Federal trial court justice
Judge - law
Juvenile court judge
Magistrate court judge
Probate court judge
Provincial court judge
Provincial court of appeal justice
Provincial supreme court justice
Puisne judge
Small claims court judge
Superior court justice
Supreme Court justice
Supreme Court of Canada justice
Tax Court judge
Trial court judge
Youth court judge


Main duties
This group performs some or all of the following duties:
Preside over courts of law, interpret and enforce rules of procedure and make rulings regarding the admissibility of evidence
Instruct the jury on laws that are applicable to the case
Weigh and consider evidence in non-jury trials and decide legal guilt or innocence or degree of liability of the accused or defendant
Pass sentence on persons convicted in criminal cases and determine damages or other appropriate remedy in civil cases
Grant divorces and divide assets between spouses
Determine custody of children between contesting parents and other guardians
Enforce court orders for access or support
Supervise other judges and court officers.


Employment requirements
Extensive experience as a lawyer or as a professor of law with continuous membership in the bar association is usually required.
Membership in good standing with a provincial or territorial law society or bar association is required.
Judges are appointed by federal or provincial cabinets.
Those appointed to more senior positions in a court, such as chief justice, usually have experience as judges in that court.


Additional information
Judges may specialize in particular areas of law such as civil, criminal or family law.


Administrative tribunal judge - government services (in 40010 Government managers - health and social policy development and program administration)
Citizenship judge; justice of the peace (in 42200 Paralegals and related occupations)