31112 – Audiologists and speech-language pathologists



31112 – Audiologists and speech-language pathologists
Audiologists diagnose, evaluate and treat individuals with peripheral and central hearing loss, tinnitus and balance problems. Speech-language pathologists diagnose, assess and treat human communication disorders including speech, fluency, language, voice and swallowing disorders. Audiologists and speech-language pathologists are employed in hospitals, community and public health centres, extended care facilities, day clinics, rehabilitation centres and educational institutions, or may work in private practice. Audiologists and speech-language pathologists who are supervisors are included in this unit group.


Index of titles
Amplification audiologist
Audiology clinician
Audiology specialist
Certified audiologist
Certified hearing aid audiologist
Clinical audiologist
Community audiologist
Community speech-language pathologist
Diagnostic audiologist
Dispensing audiologist
Educational audiologist
Educational speech-language pathologist
Human communication disorders specialist
Industrial audiologist
Pediatric audiologist
Research audiologist
Speech and hearing therapist
Speech pathologist
Speech therapist
Speech-language clinician
Speech-language pathologist
Speech-language pathologist clinician
Speech-language pathologist researcher


Main duties
This group performs some or all of the following duties:

Develop and administer audiometric tests and examinations using specialized instruments and electronic equipment to diagnose and evaluate the degree and type of patients' hearing impairment
Plan and implement habilitation/rehabilitation programs for patients, including selection, fitting and adjustment of amplification devices, such as hearing aids, balance retraining exercises and teaching speech (lip) reading
Educate and counsel patients and families regarding the nature, extent, impact and implications of hearing loss and treatment
Establish personalized care plans working as a member of an interdisciplinary team
Conduct research related to hearing and hearing disorders
May instruct and supervise audiometric technicians, students and other health care personnel.

Speech-language pathologists
Administer tests and examinations and observe patients to diagnose and evaluate speech, voice, resonance, language, fluency, cognitive-linguistic and swallowing disorders
Develop, plan and implement remedial programs to correct speech, voice, language, fluency, resonance, cognitive-linguistic and swallowing disorders
Establish group and personalized care plans working as a member of an interdisciplinary team
Educate and counsel patients and families regarding communication and swallowing disorders
Conduct research on speech and other communication disorders and on the development and design of diagnostic procedures and devices
May instruct and supervise communicative disorders assistants, students and other health care personnel.


Employment requirements
Audiologists require a master's degree in audiology.
Speech-language pathologists require a master's degree in speech-language pathology.
Registration with a regulatory body is required for audiologists and speech-language pathologists in Newfoundland and Labrador, New Brunswick, Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbia.
Membership in the national association, Canadian Association of Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists, is usually required.
In some jurisdictions, audiologists may be required to obtain a separate licence to dispense hearing aids.


Additional information
Progression into management positions, such as chief audiologist or director of speech-language pathology, is possible with experience.


Phoniatrician (in 31100 Specialists in clinical and laboratory medicine)
Managers in health care (30010)
Sign language instructor; braille instructor; lip-reading instructor (in 42203 Instructors of persons with disabilities)
Hearing aid practitioner; speech-language pathology assistant (in 32109 Other technical occupations in therapy and assessment)




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