31102 – General practitioners and family physicians



31102 – General practitioners and family physicians
General practitioners and family physicians diagnose and treat the diseases, physiological disorders and injuries of patients. They provide primary contact and continuous care toward the management of patients' health. They usually work in private practice, including group or team practices, hospitals and clinics. Residents in training to be general practitioners or family physicians are included in this unit group.



Index of titles
Civil aviation medical officer
Community preventive medicine physician
Company physician
Doctor of medicine (MD)
Family doctor
Family physician
Family practitioner
General practice intern
General practice physician
General practice resident
General practitioner (GP)
Industrial medical officer
Industrial medicine physician
Industrial physician
Locum doctor
Medical doctor
Medical missionary
Medical officer - Canadian armed forces
Medical officer of health (MOH)
Missionary doctor
Physician resident
Primary care physician
Public health physician
Resident physician
Telemedicine family physician


Main duties
This group performs some or all of the following duties:
Examine patients and take their histories, order laboratory tests, X-rays and other diagnostic procedures and consult with other medical practitioners to evaluate patients' physical and mental health
Prescribe and administer medications and treatments
Perform and assist in routine surgery
Provide emergency care
Provide acute care management
Vaccinate patients to prevent and treat diseases
Deliver babies and provide pre-natal and post-natal care
Advise patients and their families on health care including health promotion, disease, illness and accident prevention
Provide counselling and support to patients and their families on a wide range of health and lifestyle issues
Perform patient advocacy role
Coordinate or manage primary patient care
Provide continuous care to patients
Supervise home care services
Report births, deaths, and contagious and other diseases to governmental authorities.


Employment requirements
A bachelor's degree or in Quebec, completion of a college program and one year of pre-medicine university studies is usually required.
Graduation from an approved medical school and two to three years of family medicine residency training are required.
Completion of the qualifying examinations of the Medical Council of Canada or the Collège des médecins du Québec and licensing by the provincial or territorial licensing authority are required.


Additional information
General practitioners and family physicians may become specialist physicians with additional training.


Chiropractors (31201)
Managers in health care (30010)
Other professional occupations in health diagnosing and treating (31209)
Physician assistants, midwives and allied health professionals (31303)
Specialists in clinical and laboratory medicine (31100)
Nurse practitioners (31302)